E-Courts: A Step Towards Transforming the Judiciary System

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Key Highlights

  • E-court initiative, presenting a 24/7 window for filing the case.
  • Use of AI for hearing schedule.
  • Digitalized 19000 district and minor courts with a cost of Rs 2,300 crore.

Initiative by E-Courts

The third phase of the e-Courts proposes a 24/7 digital window for litigants and lawyers to file cases from anywhere at any time. The option of holding digital trials in an open court, ensuring timetable enforcement for both judges and litigants.

 The use of artificial intelligence has been suggested to intelligently recommend hearing schedules. This is done by optimizing and managing the schedules and time of various players’ judges, attorneys, and litigants.

E-Courts Journey: From Traditional to Digital

The Centre’s ground-breaking e-Courts program began in 2005, has so far completed two stages. It has computerized nearly all 19,000 functioning district and minor courts with internet access and fitted judges and courtrooms with modern networking gadgets for Rs 2,300 crore. The Supreme Court e-Committee is in charge of policy development and strategic strategy. Full transformation of Indian courts into digital systems with e-Pay, e-Summons, e-Hearings, and e-Judgement capabilities. Litigants may appear online, arrange hearings at their convenience. They also have the choice of preferring an alternate dispute settlement forum or a standard case while e-Filing.

Interoperability of Justice System


Connectivity between the criminal justice system in which communication between courts, prisons, and police can be used to guarantee timely prosecution of cases. Restrict adjournments due to the absence of jurors or the inability of lawyers to appear. The digital court would have a data sharing protocol as well as a privacy policy.

The Third Phase of E-Courts

Phase 3 further recommends that court cases be transcribed from audio/video format to a typed written archive. It will be made available to litigants and attorneys after the trials are over. Live streaming or exchanging video court hearings will help courts become more open. The court register will be turned into an automated case registry. In which each case is assigned a unique number that will aid in identifying the case as it travels from one level to another. It will eliminate the need for paper refiling in the event of an appeal in higher courts.

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